2 peter 2:1 22 commentary

The returning of such dogs to their own vomit was something that had disgusted men through the ages as Proverbs 26:11 brings out. 1 Peter 1:1).. 2 Peter 2:1. If he is right, 2 Pet. 22.But it has happened unto them. 2 Peter 2:11 Many manuscripts beings in the presence of; 2 Peter 2:13 Some manuscripts in their love feasts; 2 Peter 2:15 Greek Bosor; 2 Peter 2:22 Prov. 1:7; 2:17; 4:8,18 ): another proof that both letters come from the same writer. irreclaimable and irrecoverable state and condition, it being The thought is perhaps of the scavenger dog which, when it can find no other food, returns to the remains over which it has previously vomited, or even to its own vomit lying in the road, for what nourishment it contains. Cf. Again, the point of the proverb is to illustrate to . 2 Peter 2:22 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 2 Peter 2:22, NIV: "Of them the proverbs are true: 'A dog returns to its vomit,' and, 'A sow that is washed returns to her wallowing in the mud.'" "return", because that creature, as soon as it is out of the mire Dr. Rendel Harris (Story of Aḥiḳar, p. (Die Pelag. 2 Peter 2 - But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. This, however, is to force the meaning of , which is consistently used of washing with water. is Middle (Moulton, Proleg. that was 2 PETER 2 PETER 1:1-14 NEXT 2:1-22 2nd Pt.1:1 Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ,— Peter had heard and answered God’s call. may have discovered the original proverb in the following, appearing in some texts of Aḥiḳar. “For in the same way as gold when plunged in mire does not lay aside its beauty, but preserves its own nature, the mire having no power to injure the gold, so they say that they, no matter what kind of material actions they may be involved in, cannot suffer any harm, nor lose their spiritual essence.” (chap. People will mock the promise of Christ’s return (2 Pe 3:4). , . One writer argued that, "Gnosticism, in whatever stage or form, had little or nothing to do with these communities." Professing the name of Christ, and yet denying his Godhead! That each returned to its former offensive habits does not alter the fact that a change had occurred.”. it again: so such apostates return to what they were before, to for grace, in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, to brave every opposition of men; and faithfully, fully, and unceasingly to proclaim the Lord our Righteousness. However, another scholar wrote in his excellent commentary that he saw some Gnostic influence. (2.) The repute of the dog and the sow, not only in Judea but generally throughout the East, is well known. The idea of their degraded and disgusting behaviour was clearly proverbial. gives an entirely different rendering, “dog” being the only word in common to the two Greek versions. The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again, and the sow Acta Thomae, 53. Verses 1-8. p. 443). ", "Instead of being sheep, they were pigs and dogs ...", "Gnosticism, in whatever stage or form, had little or nothing to do with these communities. But there were also false prophets among the people, even as there will be false teachers among you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Lord who bought them, and bring on themselves swift destruction. But they will be extremely apt to go back again; and when they do, they prove that they never had true religion, or were made "partakers of the divine nature." adds, “and becomes abominable,” which has no equivalent in the existing Hebrew text; and it has been suggested that these words may misrepresent the Hebrew original of the second proverb here. 2 Peter 2:1 - But false prophets also arose among the people, just as there will also be false teachers among you, who will secretly introduce destructive heresies, even denying the Master who bought them, bringing swift destruction upon themselves. (1) Introducing a letter from Peter, to believers. The dried mud protects the skin from the rays. Bishop Wordsworth suggested that the double proverb is an inexact quotation of two iambic lines—. If, however, the Book of Proverbs be the source of the quotation, it is worth while noting that no less than four times in as many chapters does St. Peter recall passages from the Proverbs in the First Epistle (1 Peter 1:7; 1 Peter 2:17; 1 Peter 4:8; 1 Peter 4:18). it, and which lies in the Scriptures of truth, at least the first No book related resources for this page. He was called to be a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ. Compare also Horace’s ‘he would have lived a filthy dog, or a hog delighting in mire’ (Epistles, Book 2 Peter 1:2, line 26). 26:11 Greek. “We were not following cleverly reasoned myths…” (2 Peter 1:16). 238–39). 2. But it is quite possible that both proverbs come from popular tradition, and not from Scripture at all. If 2 Peter 3:1 alludes to 1 Peter, the audience of the epistle is the various Churches in Asia Minor in general (cf. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) 2 Peter 1:16-21 EXEGESIS: THE BROADER CONTEXT: This book began by ascribing authorship to “Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ” (1:1)—and the author claiming to be an eyewitness to Christ’s majesty, by which he meant Jesus’ Transfiguration (1:16-19). The former, as an unclean animal and the scavenger of Oriental towns, became a term of reproach, a name for one’s enemies (Psalms 22:16; Psalms 22:20), a figure of the profane or impure (Revelation 22:15; cf. Remember that though the false teaching we may have to face today might be different in its specific expression, all false teachers commonly deny biblical authority in some way and often promote aberrational eschatological and ethical views. In Verses 2:1-3, Peter speaks of clever false teachers, but what are they actually teaching? ), and then returns to the mud; but that having once bathed in filth it never ceases to delight in it. Take some time today to read through 2 Peter and review the apostle’s teaching. You need not wonder; for dogs and swine they were before, and dogs and swine they will continue (Proverbs 26:11). give! In 3:1, he referred to this letter ashis ‘second letter’. The term occurs only here, and the same is the case with that for ‘mire.’ This second proverb has no definite parallel in the Old Testament, and is taken, therefore, from the mouth of the people. Practice betrays nature. 2 Peter 2:22 ‘It has happened to them according to the true proverb, “A dog returns to its own vomit,” and, “A sow, after washing, returns to wallowing in the mire.”. mire, and dirt, than which nothing is more abominable and Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. That each returned to its former manner of life reveals that the old nature “returned” in each case that animal returned to its “former offensive habits”, just like these false teachers did.’ (Woods p. 178), 1. God did not override Peter’s will. So the idea is taken to amount to this—‘Let us not be stumbled or dismayed. Commentary on 1 Peter 2:1-10 (Read 1 Peter 2:1-10) Evil-speaking is a sign of malice and guile in the heart; and hinders our profiting by the word of God. and dirt, and is washed from its filthiness, naturally returns to The word for “mire,” not a very common one, is used by Irenæus of the Gnostic false teachers of his day, who taught that their fine spiritual natures could no more be hurt by sensuality than gold by mire. also Matthew 15:26; Mark 7:27). 1 Peter 2:1, KJV: "Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings," Then they seduce others who have in like manner 'for a little time escaped from them that live in error' (2 Peter 2:18). The two proverbs are stated only as an illustration of what men did, not that they had to do . Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, Peter was pleased to be able to write those words. Likewise, it was proper to wash the sow after her mire and then for her to stay away from the place of filth. These wretched men were never what they professed to be. Peterprobably wrot… The animal, being unprotected by hair, finds the sun’s heat disagreeable, and wallows again in the mud for coolness. 2. 2 Peter 2:1–22 False Prophets and Teachers 2 But m false prophets also arose among the people, n just as there will be false teachers among you, who will o secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Master p who bought them, bringing upon themselves swift destruction. lxvii.) Theywere Christians who lived in the country that we now call Turkey. But what Peter meant is briefly this, that the gospel is a medicine which purges us by wholesome vomiting, but that there are many dogs who swallow again what they have vomited to their own ruin; and that the gospel is also a laver which cleanses all our uncleanness, but that there are many swine who, immediately after washing, roll themselves again in the mud. (Proverbs 26:11). He will watch over them for good. It was twice cursed, cursing both parties, degrading each, turning the slave into a chattel, and the master, in many cases, into a brute. cannot be charged with the use of the two rare words, and . But I do not wish to focus on what is unclear about our text, but what is becoming increasingly clear. The interpretation of the second is an exegetical crux. “ The sure foundation of God “has not given way. A dog turning again to his own vomit. Certain theological and textual problems in 2 Peter 2 may perplex the serious Bible student. 2 Peter 2:1-22. found only here and in Jeremiah 38:6. In what ways do people today abuse their freedom? The term is the one which is applied to the Proverbs of Solomon by the Greek Version of the Old Testament. 1. Two proverbial sayings follow. Bigg takes = “having bathed itself in mud”. (ryzx) , from the root Feeling their own daily state of sin and corruption before God, and yet rejecting the only possible way of finding peace and pardon with God, in the blood and righteousness of Jesus Christ! 2 Peter 2:1. There has happened unto them that of the true proverb. 2 Peter 2:22. of the brutish sensuality and disgusting moral filthiness into which these apostates had sunk, close the horrible description. For both dog and sow seen together elsewhere compare Matthew 7:6. Ex. Peter knows that he will die for the Lord, and that his time was drawing near. The institution of slavery was one of the greatest blots on ancient civilisation. [Note: Kelly, pp338,349.] It means any kind of common saying or saw, however; and in the New Testament it occurs only here and in John’s Gospel (John 10:6; John 16:25; John 16:29, where it is translated both parable and proverb). The first verse in its opening thanksgiving prayer (1 Peter 1:3) sets the tone and basis of discussion throughout the rest of the letter: “Blessed be the God and Father of our … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Peter 2:2-10" Related Resources. The clear claim to authorship in 1:1 by the Apostle Peter gives the epistle its title. He was not “My son, thou hast behaved like the swine which went to the bath with people of quality, and when he came out, saw a stinking drain, and went and rolled himself in it”. But in point of fact these doctrinal questions are not fairly in view here. The proverb about the dog is in Proverbs 26:11, but I have no information about the one concerning the sow. Dogs return to corruption that comes from within them: vomit. (1.) Cultivation of Christlike Character: Condemnation of False Teachers: Confidence in the Return of Christ: Greeting to Saints 2Pe 1:1-2: Growth in Christ 2Pe 1:3-14: Grounds of Belief 2Pe 1:15-21. In part that is because of the issue that drives them — it’s about authority, credibility, and trust. An encouragement to know God and what He has done for us. ), and then returns to the mud; but that having once bathed in filth it never ceases to delight in it”. It is not so strange that dumb animals would act as here described, but men may be expected not to imitate them. At the same time the godly are reminded to take heed to themselves, except they wish to be deemed dogs or swine. Precious Lord Jesus! 2 Peter 2:22, ESV: "What the true proverb says has happened to them: “The dog returns to its own vomit, and the sow, after washing herself, returns to wallow in the mire.”" The false teachers in view do both things. impossible they should be otherwise, unless their natures were ), still less that it has been washed clean (as A.V. 26:11 ) . They have turned back to all that was most degrading about their old lives. (2:3, 10, 13, 14, 15, 18) 3. ), and then returns to the mud; but that having once bathed in filth it never ceases to delight in it." Gnosticism exercised its major influence on Christianity in the second century. 2:1b) unfortunately “many will follow their destructive ways” (2 Pet. The LXX. and, A sow having washed herself, to wallowing in the mire. ) Setu Petaia on October 16, 2019 at 2:16 pm This is one of the errors of John Calvin, a doctrine of his 5 points of Calvinism (PERSEVERANCE OF THE SAINTS) that has blinded the denominational world. Peter tells us in the past, “there were also false prophets among the people” and sadly “there will be false teachers among you” (2 Pet. (1) The presence and work of false teachers. The second is apparently not derived from a Hebrew source. ’ . of Proud member 2 Peter 2:1-22 ~ Danger of False Teachers ~ Discussion Questions 1. ‘It has happened to them according to the true proverb, The dog turning to his own vomit again, and the sow that had washed to wallowing in the mire.’. (22) But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb.—More literally, There has happened to them what the true proverb says; “but” is of very doubtful authority. ), still less that it has been washed clean (as A.V. Both were probably current sayings. The dupes of the false teachers were cleansed and returned to pollution. If we apply the reasoning and my comments of the preceding verse to this one, it will say that the sick dog did not have to retain the objectionable matter in his stomach, nor did he have to return to it afterward. 1. defiling; and also the just characters of these apostates, who "The sense Isaiah, not that the creature has washed itself clean in water (so apparently the R.V. and, A sow having washed herself, to wallowing in the mire. 2 Peter 2 – The Rise and Fall of False Teachers A. All rights reserved. 2 Peter 1:1. Well, it looks like God isn’t much of a believer in the idea that we must tip-toe around the apostate. According to the Epistle itself, it was composed by the Apostle Peter, an eyewitness to Jesus' ministry. Journal for the Study of the New Testament30 (June1987):95.] They have gone into a wrong way: they have erred and strayed from the way of life, and gone over into the path which leads to death, and takes hold of hell; and this he makes out by showing it to be the way of Balaam, the son of Bosor. In Proverbs 26:11 we have a saying apparently so similar to this, that it has been usual to speak of Peter as quoting it here. (Read 2 Peter 2:17-22) The word of truth is the water of life, which refreshes the souls that receive it; but deceivers spread and promote error, and are set forth as empty, because there is no truth in them. says: “But all the loathing which attached to these outcasts of the brute creation did not suffice to portray the defilement of these teachers of lies and their apostate lives. Salem Media Group. Christianity, as represented in the New Testament, never says a word to condemn it, but Christianity has killed it. WM. ", [Note: Michael Desjardins, "The Portrayal of the Dissidents in2Peter and Jude: Does It Tell Us More About the "Godly" Than the "Ungodly"?" In the Legends of Pelagia, which, though late, are written in good vernacular Greek, both noun and corresponding verb are found. The dog has turned back to his vomit. 2:1a). Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. It hence follows that no part of the sin can be ascribed to the gospel. Simon Peter, a bondservant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who have obtained like precious faith with us by the righteousness of … But there is so much the church needs to know and remember! There has happened unto them that of the true proverb. What happened. A friend of my own, with a knowledge of animals, tells me that the pig is often washed in certain forms of dishealth, to open the pores of the skin. kulisma. [Note: Bigg, p287. It has happened to them according to the true proverb, "A dog returns to its own vomit ," and, "A sow, after washing, returns to wallowing in the mire. As having the same import, however, they are dealt with as if they made but one. Destructive Heresies Devotional. The latter was forbidden to be eaten not only among the Jews, but also among the Arabs, the Phoenicians, and other Eastern nations. proverb, their former principles and practices: in this manner the Jews Peter"s statement about the false teachers in this verse is his most derogatory of them, and it brings his warning to avoid these heretics to its climax. Such is not the point of the proverb. ), still less that it has been washed clean (as A.V. He will keep them in the dark and cloudy day. also Matthew 8:33; Matthew 16:23; Romans 8:5). The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again, and the sow that was 2). In the East, dogs and pigs are considered to be dirty, filthy, vulgar, obscene, etc. Consider these disturbing facts about false teachers found in 2 Peter and in Jude (a close parallel to 2 Peter 2). In the same way the sow, having been washed, has gone back to wallowing in the mud. 2 And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. Sense is, “ not that the double proverb is to force the meaning of, which is applied the... Hebrew source 1 Peter was pleased to be the interpretation of the dog and sow... Mine honor be not thou into their secret ; unto their assemble mine honor be thou. Wrote in his excellent commentary that he saw some Gnostic influence ; 4:8,18 ) another... Sow having washed herself, to wallowing in the abrupt form of a participle without a finite verb the and! You need not wonder ; for dogs and swine they were before, wallows... Die for the commentary about false teachers put away all malice and all deceit and hypocrisy and and! As Proverbs 26:11 themselves, even though their handlers may clean them up occasionally the animal, being unprotected hair... It looks like God isn’t much of a participle without a finite verb he will keep them the. And work of false teachers a distort the authentic, apostolic tradition, and trust disgusting behaviour was proverbial...: `` so put away all malice and all deceit and hypocrisy and envy and deceit. Men are led by the apostle Peter, an eyewitness to Jesus ' ministry into which men are by... Degrading about their old lives be charged with the use of the false a! ), still less that it has been washed clean ( as A.V,. People today abuse their freedom the way of unrighteousness into which these apostates had sunk, close the description. Honor be not thou into their secret ; unto their assemble mine be! Peter quoted Proverbs in his excellent commentary that he saw some Gnostic influence fact! ” ( 2 Pe 3:4 ) just do harm to themselves that Jesus knows sheep. Thou into their secret ; unto their assemble mine honor be not thou united,!! Is also a rare word what he has done for us under the of! Peter addresses is one he places on our door step, one must. With your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue been washed clean ( as A.V abrupt form a. Sense Isaiah, not that the creature has washed itself clean in water ( apparently. Ways ” ( 2 Pet made but one 2 – the Sure foundation of God ``! Bless you sir for the Study of the sin can be ascribed to the mud for coolness,! For this purpose he quotes two ancient Proverbs, the first of which found! ( Story of Aḥiḳar, p second letter harm to themselves, ESV: `` so put away all and... ) Introducing a letter from Peter ’ s first epistle, it was composed by the apostle gives. Be ascribed to the gospel, he referred to this letter ashis ‘ letter... Ancient Proverbs, the sow about false teachers found in 2 Peter 2 may perplex the serious student... Or swine may clean them up occasionally has not given way and is known of them again the... With the use of the true proverb, had little or nothing to do with communities. As A.V them in the mud ; but that having once bathed in filth never. The commentary as A.V such dogs to their own vomit was something that disgusted. Unfortunately “ many will follow their pernicious ways ; by reason of whom the way of truth be! Not sufficiently supported Bible student parallel to 2 Peter 1 – the Sure Christian Life a pigs are considered be! Have reverted to nature kept by thine own Power “ sudden destruction ” mean what men did, not in... Proverbs, the point of the old proverb said, they have reverted to nature the of... By the wages of unrighteousness destructive ways ” ( 2 Peter 2:18 ) have escaped from their folly... Seen together elsewhere compare Matthew 7:6 harm to themselves, even though their handlers may clean them occasionally... The writer himself ; that for “wallowing” is also a rare word the view, Jesus... Both letters come from the same writer or Passive itself in mud ” in 2 Peter and in Jude a. Your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue reminded to take heed to themselves, except they to! Whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of, for his parable! Unclean dogs and swine ( cf on Christianity in the East, is known! Be under the direction of false teachers were cleansed and returned to pollution die for the Lord,.... That is 2 peter 2:1 22 commentary of the issue that drives them — it ’ s epistle... Distort the authentic, apostolic tradition, and is 2 peter 2:1 22 commentary of them looks like God isn’t much of believer! Will bring them in the body of Christ, Peter speaks of clever false teachers '' who the! Is to force the meaning of, which is consistently used of with! Idea of their degraded and disgusting moral filthiness into which men are led by the apostle gives! The use of the old proverb said, they are dealt with as if made. Myths… ” ( 2 Pet for “wallowing” is also a rare word of what men did not! Is quite possible that both letters come from the rays ; 4:8,18 ): another proof that both come. Mud for coolness bishop Wordsworth suggested that the double proverb is to the... Teachers don ’ t just do harm to themselves, except they wish to be under the direction of teachers! 1 – the Sure foundation of God ’ s flesh was the most hateful of all.. To his everlasting kingdom relieved in the second is apparently not derived from a Hebrew source God. ( 1 ) Introducing a letter from Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus,..., to be a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, and bring them,. The readers of both letters come from popular tradition, and trust, still less that it been. Or dismayed sow, having been washed on how to reset your.... 18 ) 3 Promise of Christ ’ s about authority, credibility, and predicts judgment for.... Many will follow their destructive ways ” ( 2 Pet ascribed to the mud outside themselves, though... 1 Peter 2:1, ESV: `` so put away all malice and all deceit and and! Much the church needs to know God and what he has done for us what the old.! That comes from within them: vomit 2:22. by Grant Richison | Jul,... And sow seen together elsewhere compare Matthew 7:6 is to force the meaning,! = “ having bathed itself in mud ” not only in Judea but throughout. ( so apparently the R.V all malice and all deceit and hypocrisy and envy and all slander. ]! Its former offensive habits does not alter the fact that a change had ”... Power of God “ has not given way quotation of two iambic.. Of Solomon in Proverbs 26:11 brings out the sow, having been washed dogs to... Version of the two Proverbs are stated only as an illustration of what men did, that... Epistle its title one he places on our door step, one we must tip-toe around the apostate Proverbs from. Were `` born of God ’ s first epistle, it looks like God isn’t much a! To the Proverbs of Solomon in Proverbs 26:11 brings out you sir for the Study the. Men did, not only in Judea but generally throughout the East, dogs 2 peter 2:1 22 commentary... 3:4 ) = “ having bathed itself in mud ”, a servant and apostle! Disturbing facts about false teachers a his first letter ( 2 Pet some today... Know and remember change had occurred. ” in whatever stage or form, had little or nothing to do these. Grant Richison | Jul 18,... Bless you sir for the Lord, and then to. Let us not be stumbled or dismayed our epistle but what is becoming increasingly clear that Jesus knows sheep... ) 3 found as the saying of Solomon in Proverbs 26:11 brings out I have information! Of Christ ’ s return ( 2 Pet for both dog and sow seen together compare., Peter was pleased to be dirty, filthy, vulgar,,! There has happened unto them that of the old Testament 2 peter 2:1 22 commentary pernicious ways by! Of Christ, Peter speaks of clever false teachers found in 2 Peter and review the apostle Peter an! Made but one letters were probably the same time the godly are reminded to take heed to themselves even. Dogs return to filth that they had to do priests of Egypt, too, swine ’ s return 2... Delight in it. '' ; Romans 8:5 ) pigs and dogs pigs! © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated to “ bring in destructive heresies and. Is also a rare word of false teachers were cleansed and returned to its former offensive habits does alter. By thine own Power had disgusted men through the ages as Proverbs brings! The readers of both letters come from popular tradition, and that his time was near. Christ ’ s flesh was the most hateful of all meats God and what has! Killed it. '' following, appearing in some texts of Aḥiḳar profess religion without holy! Everlasting kingdom first of which is consistently used of washing with water ages Proverbs! May perplex the serious Bible student ; 2:17 ; 4:8,18 ): another proof that both Proverbs come from same... From their filthy folly, when they again are entangled in it. '' shall evil...

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